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所在位置:貴州成考網 > 貴州成人高考復習資料 > 貴州成人高考高升專 > 2020年貴州成人高考高起點《英語》考試大綱

2020年貴州成人高考高起點《英語》考試大綱

2020-07-14 13:53:01 來源:貴州成考網
貴州成人高考視頻號
作者:趙老師
  2020年貴州成人高考報名已經開始,考生可通過貴州成人高考網上報名系統進行在線報名。今天貴州成考網學習中心就為大家整理2020年貴州成人高考高起點《英語》考試大綱。

  更多層次、專業考試大綱,戳鏈接查看>>>2020年貴州成人高考考試大綱

  英 語

  英語復習考試范園包括語音、詞匯、語法、日常交際用語、閱 讀和寫作等方面。

  英語復習考試在記憶、理解和綜合應用這三個層次上檢測考生 掌握英語的水平:

  記憶:能記住本大綱規定的語音、語法知識;能記住單詞的拼 寫、讀音、基本詞義及主要用法;能記住本大綱規定的短語和習慣 用語的意思和主要用法。

  理解:能正確使用語•音、語法和日常交際用語知識;能夠理解 各種語言現象;能夠讀懂適當難度的語言材料。

  綜合應用:能嫁使用本大綱規定的各類語言知識.整體理解不 同形式的語篇;能夠根據特定要求比較連貫、得體地表達自己的 意思。

  一、復習考試內容

  語音

  熟悉英語字母及常用字母組合在單詞中的讀音。了解英語的基 本語調以及使用語調的規則,并能在實踐中運用這些規則。能在簡 単的日常會話中使用比較自然的語音語調。

  詞匯

  掌握2000個左右常用英語單詞和一定數量的短語和習慣用語,

  4. 數詞

  1) 基數詞

  2) 序數詞

  5. 介詞

  6. 連詞

  7. 形容詞

  1) 形容詞作定語、表語和賓語補足語的用法

  2) 比較等級:原級、比較級、最髙級

  8. 副詞

  1) 時間、地點、方式、程度、疑問、連接、關系等副詞的 用法

  2) 比較等級:原級、比較級、最高級

  9. 冠詞的一般用法

  10. 動詞

  1) 動詞的基本形式

  (1) 現在式

  (2) 過去式

  <3)過去分詞

  (4> -ing 形式

  2) 行為動詞的及物性和不及物性

  3) 連系動詞 be» get, look, seem, turn, grow, become 等

  4) 助動詞 be, do, have, shall, will 等

  5) 情態動詞 can, may, must, ought» need, dare 等

  6) 動詞的時態

  (1) 一般現在時

  <2)-般過去時

  (3) 一般將來時

  4. 數詞

  1) 基數詞

  2) 序數詞

  5. 介詞

  6. 連詞

  7. 形容詞

  1) 形容詞作定語、表語和賓語補足語的用法

  2) 比較等級:原級、比較級、最髙級

  8. 副詞

  1) 時間、地點、方式、程度、疑問、連接、關系等副詞的 用法

  2) 比較等級:原級、比較級、最高級

  9. 冠詞的一般用法

  10. 動詞

  1) 動詞的基本形式

  (1) 現在式

  (2) 過去式

  <3)過去分詞

  (4> -ing 形式

  2) 行為動詞的及物性和不及物性

  3) 連系動詞 be» get, look, seem, turn, grow, become 等

  4) 助動詞 be, do, have, shall, will 等

  5) 情態動詞 can, may, must, ought» need, dare 等

  6) 動詞的時態

  (1) 一般現在時

  <2)-般過去時

  (3) 一般將來時

  (5) 過去進行時

  (6) 現在完成時

  (7) 過去完成時

  (8) 過去將來時

  7) 動詞的被動語態

  (1) 一般現在時的被動語態

  (2) 一般過去時的被動語態

  (3) —般將來時的被動語態

  (4) 現在進行時的被動語態

  (5) 現在完成時的被動語態

  (6) 帶情態動詞的被動語態

  8) 動詞的不定式

  <1)作主語

  〈2)作賓語

  (3) 作賓語補足語

  (4) 作狀語

  (5) 作定語

  (6) 作表語

  (7) 用在 how. when, where, what, which* who, whether等后面

  9) 動詞的過去分詞

  (1)作定語

  <2)作表語

  <3)作賓語補足語

  (4)作狀語

  10) 動詞的-ing形式

  (1) 作主語

  (2) 作賓語

  (3) 作賓諾補足語

  (4) 作表語

  (5) 作定語

  (6) 作狀語

  11. 句子

  1) 句子的種類

  (1) 陳述句(肯定式和否定式)

  (2) 疑問句(一般疑問句、特殊疑問句、選擇疑問句、 反意疑問句)

  (3) 祈使句

  (4) 感嘆句

  2) 句子的成分

  (1) 主語

  (2) 謂語

  (3) 表語

  (4) 賓語

  (5) 直接賓語和間接賓語

  (6) 賓語補足語

  (7) 定語

  (8) 狀語

  3) 主謂的一致關系

  4) 簡単句的五種基本句型

  5) 并列句

  6) 復合句

  (1) 名詞性從句

  (2) 狀語從句

  (3) 定語從句

  7) 倒裝句

  8)省略句

  12. 構詞法

  1) 合成法 blackboard, man-made, overthrow, however» everyone

  2) 轉換法 hand(n. ) — hand( v. ), break

  3) 派生法

  A. 加前綴:non-, un , in-, dis-, re~

  B. 加后綴:-er, -lion, -ese. -ist. -ing. -ment, -ness, 、ian, -ify. -ize, -ise, -en. -able, -ful» -y» -ive» ~al, •an, -ly, -teen, -ty

  日常交際用語

  1. 問候 Greetings

  Good morning/afternoon/evening.

  Hello/Hi!

  How are you?

  Fine, thank you. And you?

  Very well, thank you.

  2. 介紹 Introductions

  a. This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms ....

  I'd like you to meet ....

  b. How do you do?

  Nice/Glad/Pleased to see/meet you.

  c. My name is ....

  I'm a (student/teacher* etc.).

  d. I'm Chinese,

  3. 告別 Farewells

  a. I'm afraid I must be leaving now.

  I think it's time tor us to leave now.

  b. Good-bye! (Bye-bye! Bye!)

  See you later/tomorrow. (Sec you.)

  Good night.

  4. 感謝和應答 Thanks and responses

  a. Thank you (very much).

  Thanks a lot.

  Many thanks.

  Thanks for ....

  b. It's very kind of you to ....

  Not at all.

  It,s/That,s all right.

  You're welcome.

  5. 祝愿、祝賀和應答 Good wishes, congratulations and responses

  a. Good luck!

  Best wishes to you!

  I wish you good luck/success!

  Have a nice/good time.

  b. Thank you.

  The same to you.

  c. Happy New Year!

  Merry Christmas!

  Happy birthday (to you).

  6. 道歉、遺憾、同情和應答 Apologies, regrets, sympathies and responses

  a. Sorry,/Pardon.

  I'm sorry.

  I*m sorry for/about ??.?

  I'm sorry to hear ....

  b. Excuse me (for )

  I'm afraid of ....

  What a pity/shame!

  c. That's all right.

  It doesn't matter.

  That's nothing,

  7. 邀請和應答 Invitations and responses

  a. Will you come to ... ?

  Would you like to ... ?

  I'd like to invite you to ....

  b. Yes, I'd love to

  Yes, it's very kind/nice of you.

  c. I?d love to, but .…

  8. 提供(幫助等)和應答。ffers and responses

  a. Can/Could/Shall I help you?

  Is there anything (else) I can do for you?

  Do you want me to ... ?

  What can I do for you?

  Let me do/carry/help .、.(for you).

  Would you like some ... ?

  b. Thanks. That would be nice/fine.

  That's very kind of you, 、

  Thank you for your help.

  Yes,please.

  Here, take this/my ....

  c. No, thanks/thank you.

  Thank you all the same.

  That's very kind of you, but ....

  9. 約會 Making appointments

  a. Are you/Will you be free this afternoon/tomorrow? How about tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening? Shall we meet at 4 ! 30 at ... ?

  b. Yes, that5 s all right.

  Yes, I'll be free then.

  c. No, I won,t be free then. But 1^11 be free ....

  d. All right. Sec you then.

  10. 意愿和希望 Intentions and wishes

  a. I'm going to ....

  I will ....

  卩d like to ....

  I (do not) want/hope to ....

  b. I want/hope/wish to ,

  11. 請求、允許和應答 Asking for permission and responses

  a. May I …?

  Can/Could I ... ?

  b. Y es/Sure/Certainly.

  Yes, (do) please.

  Of course (you may).

  G。ahead ♦ please.

  That's OK/all right.

  Not at all.

  c. I'm sorry you can't.

  I'm sorry» but

  You'd better not.

  12. 同意和不同意 Agreement and disagreement

  a. Certainly/Sure/Of course.

  No problem.

  Yes, please.

  Yes. I think so.

  That's true.

  All right/OK.

  That's a good idea.

  I/We agree (with you).

  b. No» I don't think so.

  I'm afraid not.

  I'm afraid I (really) can't agree with you.

  13. 喜好和厭惡 Likes and dislikes

  a. 1 like/lovc .??(very much).

  I like/love to ....

  b. I don't like (to) ....

  I hate (to)....

  14. 決斷和堅持 Determination* decision and insistence

  I will ....

  I have decided to/that ....

  15. 判斷和意見 Judgement and opinion

  a. Well done/Good work!

  b. In my opinion > ....

  It seems ....

  16. 能力Ability

  I can ....

  He is able to ....

  17. 肯定和不肯定 Certainty and uncertainty

  a. I'm sure (of that).

  Pm sure (that).,..

  b. I'm not sure (of that).

  I'm not sure whether/if ….

  c. Pcrhaps/Maybe.

  18. 禁止和警告 Prohibition and warnings

  a. You can't/mustn't ....

  If you , you' 11

  You'd better not do it.

  Don'l smoke!

  Don't be late!

  b. Look out!

  Take care!

  Be careful?

  19. 可能和不可能 Possibility and impossibility

  He can/may

  It is possible that ....

  It is impossible that ....

  20. 預見、猜測和相信 Prediction, conjecture and belief

  a. He will ....

  b. It seems (that)

  c. I believe that he is right,

  21. 請求 Requests

  a. Can/Will/Could/Would you . . . for me?

  Will/Can/Could/Would you please …? May I have ... ?

  b. Please give/pass me ....

  Please wait (here/a moment).

  Please wait (for) your turn.

  Please stand in line/!ine up. Please hurry.

  c. Don't rush (hurry) /crowd.

  No noise, please.

  No smoking > please.

  22, 勸告和建議 Advice and suggestions

  a. You'd better (not)....

  You should/ought to ....

  You need (to)....

  b. Shall we ... ?

  Let's ....

  Whai/How about ... ?

  Why not . . . ?

  Why don't you ... ?

  23. 許諾 Promises

  I promise ....

  I will give — to you.

  24. 表示焦慮 Expressing anxiety

  What's wrong?

  WhaPs the matter (with you)? l,m/He,s/She,s worried.

  Oh, what shall I/we do?

  25, 表示驚奇 Expressing surprise

  Really?

  Oh dear!

  Is that so?

  Good heavens!

  26. 表示喜悅 Expressing pleasure

  I' m glad/pleased/happy to ....

  That's nice/wonderful/great.

  27. 談論天氣 Talking about the weather

  a. What's the weather like today?

  How's the weather in ... ?

  b. It's line/cloudy/windy/rainy ....

  It' s getting cold/warm ....

  It's rather warm/cold/hot … today, isn*i it? It's a beautiful day today.

  28. 購物 Shopping

  a. What can I do for you? May/Can I help you?

  b. I want/I'd like ....

  How much is it?

  That's too expensive, Um afraid.

  That's fine. I'll take it.

  Let me have ....

  c. How many/much do you want?

  What colour/size/kind do you want?

  d. Do you have any other kind/size/colour, etc. ?

  29. 問路和應答 Asking the way and responses

  a. Excuse me. Where's the men's/ladies' room? Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to ... ? How can I get to ... ? I don't know the way.

  b. Go down this street.

  Turn right/left at the first/second crossing.

  It's about ... metres from here.

  Go straight ahead till you see ....

  30. 冋時間、日期和應答 Asking the time* date and responses

  a. What day is (it) today?

  What's the date today?

  Excuse me. What time is it by your watch?

  Whatthe time, please?

  b. It's Monday/Tuesday ....

  It's January 10th.

  h's five o'clock/five thirty (half past five) /a quarter past (to) six.

  h's lime for/to ....

  31. 就養 Taking meals

  a. What would you like (to have)?

  Would you like something to eat/drink?

  b. I'd like ....

  Coke/Two eggs .. ■ , please.

  c. Would you like some more ...? Help yourself to some ....

  d. Thank you. I've had enough. I'm fuIL thank you.

  Just a little» please,

  32. 打電話 Making phone calls

  a. Helio! Is he (Tom) in? May/Could I speak to ... ?

  Is that .. . (speaking)?

  b. Hold on> please.

  Hell。, who is it?

  He/She isn,t here right now.

  Can 1 take a message for you?

  c. Hello, this is ... speaking.

  I called to tell/ask you ....

  33. 傳遞信息 Passing on a message

  a. Will you please give this note/message to ... ?

  b. ... asked me to give you this note.

  c. Thanks for the message.

  34. 看病 Seeing the doctor

  a. There's something wrong with ....

  I've got a headache and a cough.

  I feel terrible (bad).

  1 don't feel well.

  b. Take this medicine three times a day. Drink plenty of water and have a good rest. It's nothing serious.

  You'll be ail right/well soon.

  35. 求救 Calling for help

  a. Help!

  Thief!

  b. What,s the matter?

  36. 語言困難 Language difficulties

  Pardon?

  Would you please say that again/more slowly? What do you mean by ... ?

  I'm sorry I can't follow you.

  I'm sorry I know only a little English.

  二、考試形式及試卷結構

  考試方法和時間

  閉卷。筆答。考試時間為120分鐘。試卷滿分為150分。

  試題內容比例及題型

  一、語音知識 約5%

  二、詞匯與語法知識 約15%

  三、完形填空 約20%

  四、 閱讀理解 約30%

  五、 補全對話 約10%

  六、 書面表達 約20%

  語音知識 題型為選擇題,共5個小題。每小題列出四個單詞, 每個單詞中均有劃線標明的一個字母或字母組合。要求考生辨別劃 線部分的讀音,找出讀音不同于蛆內其他畫線部分讀音的單詞。

  詞匯與語法知識題型為選擇題,共15個小題。每小題是一 個留有空白的不完整的英語句子。要求考生在小題下面的四個選項 中,選出可以填入句中空白處的最佳的一項。

  完形壊空 題型為選擇題,本題向考生提供一篇200詞左右的 短文。文中留出15處空白,文后為每個空白提供四個選項,要求 考生在通讀全文、領會大意的基礎上,根據已經掌握的詞匯、語法 知識并結合常識分析判斷,從選項中為每個空白選出最佳的一項, 使全篇成為內容連貫、沒有語言錯誤的文最。

  閱讀理解題型為選擇題,共15個小題.本題向考生提供三 至四段短文,總閱讀量不少于1000個詞。短文題材涉及日常生活、 史地、文化、科技常識、人物傳記等。體裁有記敘文、說明文、應 用文等。每篇短文后有數量不等的問題或不完整的句子。要求考生 在仔細閱讀短文以后,從每個問題或不完整的句子下面的四個選項中,選出可以用來回答問題或補全句子的最佳的選項。考生應能通 過閱讀掌握短文的主旨大意、主要事實、有關細節以及上下文的邏 輯關系等;既能看懂字面意思,又能推論出隱含意思;既能回答就 文章局部細節提出的冋題,又能回答有關文章總體內容的問題。

  補全對話題型為自由應答題。本題向考生提供一段不完整的 對話,要求考生根據試題說明中交待的背景和情節,把對話中缺少 的部分補寫出來。考生除應掌握必要的詞匯、語法知識外,還要熟 悉英語中有關日常生活的常用表達方式,例如;問候、吿別、介 紹、感謝、道歉、邀請、提議、命令、請求、愿意或不愿意、同意 或不同意等。

  書面表達 題型為寫作題。要求考生根據所給情景,用英語寫 一篇100個單詞左右的短文。情景包括目的、對象、時冋、地點、 內容等;提供情景的形式有圖畫、圖表、提綱等。

  考試內容、題量、計分和答題時間安排如下:

貴州成人高考高起點語文考試大綱

  試題難,比例

  較容易題 約40%

  中等難度題 約50%

  較難題 約10%

 

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